World Population Day: Things You Should Know

World Population Day: Things You Should Know

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World Population Day is held on 11 July every year, this day is observed to create an awareness regarding the population issues faced globally. This was established in 1989 by the United Nations and since then it has been celebrated on this date every year.  This year the theme for the World Population Day is “Family Planning is a Human Right”.

According to UN reports, the world population is currently pegged at around 7 billion and is growing at a fast pace, adding 83 million people every year. World Population Day is the celebration of awareness; one which tries to get people to know and learn about population issues. Population issues include things like family planning, human rights, right to health, the baby’s health, gender equality, child marriage, use of contraceptives, sex education, knowledge about the sexually transmitted disease, etc.

UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund) supports family planning in developing countries by ensuring a reliable supply of a full range of modern contraceptives, strengthening national health systems, and promoting gender equality.

The United Nations has listed down, ‘Nine standards to uphold the human rights to family planning’ which include:
1. Non-discrimination: Family planning information and services cannot be restricted on the basis of race, sex, language, religion, political affiliation, national origin, age, economic status, place of residence, disability status, marital status, sexual orientation or gender identity.

2. Available: Countries must ensure that family planning commodities and services are available to everyone.

3. Accessible: Countries must ensure that family planning commodities and services are accessible to everyone.

4. Acceptable: Contraceptive services and information must be provided in a dignified manner, respecting both modern medical ethics and the cultures of those being accommodated.

5. Good quality: Family planning information must be clearly communicated and scientifically accurate.

6. Informed decision-making: Every person must be empowered to make reproductive choices with full autonomy, free of pressure, coercion or misrepresentation.

7. Privacy and confidentiality: All individuals must enjoy the right to privacy when seeking family planning information and services.

8. Participation: Countries have an obligation to ensure the active and informed participation of individuals in decisions that affect them, including health issues.

9. Accountability: Health systems, education systems, leaders and policymakers must be accountable to the people they serve in all efforts to realize the human right to family planning.