Parenting Styles and Their Effect on Children
Parenting styles have a lot of influence on children’s behaviour. Parents should always ensure that their parenting style is supporting a healthy growth and development of their children as it will have a life-long impact on them.
Together with their style of parenting, culture also has its own share in the outcome, especially when it comes to success in school. If parents tend to be inconsistent in their approach of bringing up their kids, it might be very damaging to the children as they will not know what to expect. Here are four types of parenting styles explained and how they impact child behaviour.
Authoritarian parenting mostly involves parents using forceful measures and punitive approach to enforce appropriate behaviour in children. However, this will result in causing anger and resentment in children together with a feeling of deceit. It will also impair the parent-child relationship. Most of the pre-schoolers with authoritarian parents are unhappy and withdrawn and react violently with their peers when frustrated. Girls grow to be more dependent and lack motivation while boys are most likely to be defiant and angry. This may even result in social withdrawal and low self-esteem.
Permissive parenting is almost lenient parenting where parents will set the rules but will barely follow them. These parents think that kids learn best when parents interfere and do not give out consequences to children even if they did something wrong. But, non-punitive and forgiving parents tend to raise kids who lack independence and are always dependent on parents. They also grow up to be selfish as they are not taught about others’ feelings. Once they grow, these kids will become very aggressive and impulsive and lack taking responsibility of their actions.
As the term reflects, uninvolved parents do not care about the kid’s day at school, his homework. They never spend much time with kids and rarely know where they are and with who they are. There are very few rules and children receive very less guidance, attention and nurturing from parents. This kind of parenting will make kids to become non-compliant and aggressive and perform very low in school. As they grow up, children might even develop behavioural problems and become antisocial. They may even also end up becoming criminals.
Authoritative parents set clear rules and explain the reasons behind the rules. They set limits that are developmentally appropriate and clearly discuss consequences. They maintain a positive relationship with children and take their feelings into consideration. This kind of parenting makes clear that parents are ultimately in charge. Children raised in this kind of environment are happy and successful in their life and are good at decision making and evaluating risks. They also become more autonomous, self-controlled, independent, cooperative and more self-confident. They have high self-esteem and high academic performance as they grow into adolescence and adulthood.